The development history of modern furniture in northern Europe

- Jan 26, 2021-

The four northern European countries, namely Denmark, Sweden, Finland and Norway, have basically the same lifestyle. Their furniture is solid and comfortable, and they attach great importance to the design of houses and interior products. The handicraft technology and high aesthetic standard handed down from generation to generation make designers, craftsmen and furniture companies cooperate closely. They attach importance to the overall effect and local details, resulting in the Nordic design style which is popular all over the world.

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Danish furniture design tradition can be traced back to 450 years ago. In 1554, some furniture designers founded the Copenhagen Furniture Association. In 1777, the Royal Furniture magazine was founded. In 1770, the Royal Danish Academy of art founded the school of furniture design, which is also the first school in the world to systematically train furniture designers.

Keira Clint (1888-1954)

Clint is a master and founder of Danish furniture design. He studied architecture in his early years, made furniture for the art museum when he was young, and then devoted himself to furniture design. He emphasizes the texture of wood in furniture design, and takes maintaining natural beauty as a pursuit. He believes that "to maximize the characteristics of materials is the first principle of any perfect design". From the perspective of ergonomics, human psychology and furniture function, his design ideas have influenced the development of furniture in the four northern European countries. In 1924, he founded a new furniture professional course in the Department of architecture of the Royal Academy of Arts, which formed his furniture design theory, trained a large number of design talents, and formed the Clint school.

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Arne Jacobson (1902-1971)

Jacobson is a student of Clint. He graduated from the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen in 1927. He is an international furniture designer who makes Danish furniture to the world. His furniture uses a new modern material - foamed polystyrene as the shell, and his representative works are egg shaped chair, swan chair, ant shaped chair, etc.

Famous furniture designers during the two world wars.

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Hans J. Wagner (1914-1989)

Wagner's furniture is a symbol of Danish furniture's maturity. At the age of 17, he studied carpentry. Later, he entered the school of Arts and crafts. Later, he stayed in school to teach. In 1948, he set up his own factory and became an independent furniture designer. His hands-on ability is as good as his design ability. He is a first-class master in material application, processing means and structural modeling. Wagner has made outstanding contributions to mankind in chair design. His works have won gold prizes and are collected in seven national museums. He appreciated the furniture of Ming and Qing Dynasties, and designed many new chairs based on it.

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Finn Yul (1919-1989)

You're a student of Clint. His works are simple and full of sculpture. In cooperation with Walden, a furniture maker, he has won 28 domestic and international awards in his life. Some of his works have become permanent exhibits of the Museum of modern art in New York.

Borg morgensen (1914-1972)

Morgensen is a student of Clint and a master of functionalist design. He pays attention to wood texture, exquisite and flexible structure and perceptual modeling, and the design is closely combined with industrial mechanization.

Hansen company -- a large furniture factory in Denmark

Hansen company was founded by Fritz Hansen. Danish furniture design can be famous all over the world, thanks to a group of furniture manufacturers who are keen on exquisite design and good at using talented designers, one of the representative companies of Hansen company. In the early stage, it was famous for its wooden ceiling and steel wooden portable chair. Later, it was experimented with the manufacture of bent wooden chair with tonate technology. In 1950, little Hansen designed a new structure, Hansen chair and easy chair.

The spirit of traditional innovation is the leading feature of Danish furniture design style. Like Wagner, Hansen and Wagner are famous for one chair design, but they take a completely different road, representing two atypical design schools in "Nordic style".



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